After another training cycle and a considerable personnel turnover, VA-152
again deployed aboard U6S ORISKANY with CVW-16. The ship left San Diego on 29 May and, after stops in Yokosuka, Japan and
Cubi Point Philippines, arrived on Dixie Station on 30 June. In the eight day period following, the squadron flew 128
sorties against Viet Cong troop concentrations, buildings and supply caches. During the night of the 7th ORISKANY moved
north and launched missions from Yankee Station late in the next morning.
On 11 July a four
plane Special RESCAP composed of CDR Smith, LCDR Smith,LCDR Schade and LT Feldhaus picked up LTJG Adams of VF-162 near the
east-west ridge north of Haiphong. The rescue was deeper into the North-east Triangle than any which had preceded it.
the book "VA-152, A SPAD SQUADRON IN VIETNAM", a history of VA-152 during the time the squadron served in
Vietnam aboard the USS Oriskany in 1965, 1966 and 1967. This history was written by LT J.M. (Bud) Watson
in December of 1967. )
LT John A. (Jack) Feldhaus had been on Dixie Station off
South Vietnam for 8 days and had flown several missions into South Vietnam when the USS Oriskany moved north to Yankee Station
off North Vietnam and began launching missions into North Vietnam on July 8.
Three days later, Jack was involved in his first
rescue effort of a downed Navy airman. He was one of four pilots launched on July 13 on a mission to travel further
north into Vietnam than any other attempted rescue. As his commanding officer and his wingman flew above, Jack as wingman
of LCDR Eric Shade, accompanied the helicopter to the downed pilot, LTJG Rick Adams, and fought off attacking forces and avoided
AAA while guiding the helicopter out of the country.
I've pulled together four
different accounts of this rescue below. As usual, everyone knew who the downed pilot or pilots were and the personnel
of the rescue helicopter, but seldom were the names of the pilots known who provided the firepower and cover for the rescue
to take place.
LT (jg) Rick Adams story from the F-8 Crusader book
LTJG Rick Adams returns from being rescued.
Rick Adams returns from being rescued after being shot down on 5 October 1965.
He is greeted by his squadron mates, including his skipper, Cdr Dick Bellinger,
who hold replicas of the SA-2 SAM that got him. Lt Cdr Butch Verich holds a
model of a gun-prophetic, because ten months later Adams would again be shot
down, this time by communist ground fire, on 12 July 1966.
Rick Adams, a native of Minneapolis, Minnesota, enjoyed his
place as wingman
for Cdr Dick Bellinger, the unit's X0 who then became its CO. 'Belly One', as
he was affectionately called,
could he rough as a cob, but he and Adams seemed to mesh as a team. On 5
October 1965, Adams and the skipper were hunting SAMs and they found them.
'Bulb', Bellinger called, ‘get the hell out of here’. Referring
to Adams' prematurely receding hairline,
he was trying to warn his wingman of an on-coming missile that had just
launched and seemed to be heading for Adams' F-8 (BuNo 150848 AH 227).
Unfortunately, Adams' radio had gone out and he didn't
hear Bellinger's call. He did see a flash as the missile flew past his aircraft
just before exploding. Adams made a hard, right turn, pointing toward the South
China Sea. He was lucky at least in one respect —
if the SAM's 500-lb warhead had detonated any closer, it would have destroyed
the F-8, giving him no chance to escape the blazing inferno that was now devouring
the struggling fighter.
While Bellinger kept
calling his number two, pleading with him to eject, Adams doggedly headed for
the water. Like most American crews, he
did not want to punch out over land, where he would probably be captured. The
young pilot remembered having passed some destroyers on the way in, and now he
hoped he could find them before ejecting.
Crusader gave up the ghost and exploded.
Adams ejected through the fireball, and he somersaulted through the air still
attached to his seat. After a few seconds, the small drogue 'chute opened, then
the larger, primary 'chute followed. Adams separated from his seat and began
the descent toward the water. As he hit the sea, Adams released his harness and
raft. Paddling over to his one-man raft,
he looked up. 'Belly One' flew by
waggling his wings in encouragement. He
was so low that Adams could see into his skipper's cockpit!
The downed pilot
hauled himself into the raft and began sorting out his situation, arranging his
survival gear around him in the small, rubber, container. By now, Bellinger
had alerted the rescue
forces and was circling over Adams for the incoming helicopters. He was also
worried about any enemy attempt to retrieve the downed aviator.
When a helo arrived,
Adams rolled out of his raft into the water. However, he hadn't noticed how
badly his hands were burned. Immersing them in the salt water made him cry out
in surprised pain. The swimmer from the helicopter jumped in to help Adams get
into the rescue sling, and before long the bedraggled aviator was on
board the cruiser USS Galveston (CLG-3), where he received a preliminary
examination and first aid for his burns. Returning to Oriskany the next day,
greeted by his squadron-mates, who formed a gauntlet, complete with models of SAMs
and flak guns. ‘Belly One', meanwhile, smacked his wing an on the rear with a
'How's it feel
to be a hero, ‘Bulb' one of his friends
asked. It was a facetious question. but
Rick Adams was glad to be around to hear it.
later, Rick Adams flew a mission that gained
him the Distinguished Flying Cross. Again, he was dicing with SAMs, a battery
eight rocketing toward his flight, but he maintained his station through the
intense defenses. But the enemy was not
through with him.
1966, Adams was on his second tour with VF-162,
one of only half a dozen members of the 1965 cruise to go on the second combat
deployment. On 12 July he launched on a TARCAP mission in F-8E 150902 (AH 203),
his target that day being near Haiphong, one of the most heavily defended areas
in the north.
When his Crusader was
apparently hit by small-arms fire, Adams faced another ejection. Fire spread
from the tail to the forward fuselage as the F8 rolled to the right.
`See you in a year',
Adams called — he'd meant to say, 'ten years' — and he punched out at 2500 ft
and 400 knots. As his Crusader plunged into a mountain. he landed near a
village. Now, he was involved in a classic escape-and-evasion run for his life.
The 'bad guys' were already looking for him, and he could hear them. He also
knew that his friends had already called for the search-and-rescue (SAR)
forces, and the helicopter was probably inbound. It was a question of who got
to him first.
arrived escorting the H-3 helo, trying to keep the 'chopper' clear of enemy
fire coming from all directions. The helo crew spotted Adams in the underbrush
and sent the sling down for him. Strapping
himself in, the F-8 pilot 'rode' the sling up through the trees, finally
tumbling into the shuddering H-3 as more groundfire reached out.
As the two enlisted
crewmen manned their machine guns, the battered, but thrilled Adams stared
through a cabin window as the helo turned for home, escorted again by the
protecting `Spads', whose pilots fired their remaining ordnance at the gun
positions on the ground.
Lt Bill Waechter, the
H-3 co-pilot, was on his first mission into North Vietnam. 'Is it always this
rough?', he asked Adams, unaware that this had been his passenger's second rescue
in eight months.
rough as this', Adams replied, perhaps
tongue-in-cheek. Four hours after launching from Oriskany, a bedraggled
Rick Adams was back on board, to be greeted once more by a line-up of squadron pilots.
'No one gets shot down twice', they hooted. They were wrong.
second shoot down elicited a full-page
article in Time magazine for 29 July 1966. Determined by the Navy to be 'combat
limited', Adams was sent home. He flew with the Blue Angels in 1968 and
eventually retired as a Commander in 1982.
LT (jg) Rick Adams story from a 1966 Time Magazine article
Feeling for Freedom,” Time (29 July 1966 Vol 88, No 5)
[article on-line]; available from
being shot down and rescued the previous
October, Lt(jg) Rick Adams had become something of a lucky charm amongst the
pilots of VF-162 due to the tale of his cool demeanor under extreme duress. On
this strike, Adams was flying the TARCAP to protect the main strike force from
MiGs. Multiple SAM warnings had forced the strike package to evade, trading
precious altitude in the process. Eventually the flight ended up low enough to
be in small arms range. Flying low, Adams took hits in his tailpipe which
quickly caught fire.
Adams turned his burning Crusader for the
safety of the gulf. He cleared one ridge line before the Crusader began an
uncontrollable death roll to the right. Adams’ wingman on this flight was Lt
Cdr Butch Verich, who began calling on the radio for Adams to eject. A terse
exchange followed with Adams finally commenting, cool as ice, “Sorry about
that. See you next year!” before he ejected.i He had really meant to say, “See
you in ten years.” Adams landed in rugged jungle near a village, less than
twenty miles from Hanoi and the plethora of defenses surrounding the city. Any
rescue attempt was certain to be hotly contested.
Lt Cdr Verich followed Adams’ chute and
marked his location, thus giving the CSAR forces the information they needed to
attempt a rescue so far inland.ii A flight of four VA-152 Skyraiders orbited
nearby as the RESCAP. Cdr Gordon Homer
Smith, VA-152’s Commanding Officer left two Skyraiders with the rescue
helicopter, while he and his wingman flew ahead to begin the rescue. Lt Cdr
Verich and Lt Dick Wyman talked the Skyraiders onto Adams’ parachute, which was
hanging from a tree. Cdr Smith assumed on-scene command of the rescue and
called for the CSAR helicopter, a Sea King from HS-6, to proceed to Adams’
location. Smith began coordinating the replacement of the fuel limited jets
orbiting overhead, while his wingman reported areas of enemy fire. At the
higher altitude, Smith’s wingman acted as a communications relay to the inbound
Cdr Eric Schade and his wingman, Lt Jack Feldhaus, escorted the helicopter
pair avoided areas of heavy ground fire where possible, though they made
repeated runs on several gun positions in order to draw fire away from the
helicopter. Despite hits to Schade’s Skyraider, they suppressed 37-mm. AAA fire
long enough for Lt Bill Waechter’s Sea King to reach Adams. While the
helicopter hovered overhead its crew lowered a jungle penetrator, (essentially
a heavy weight with folding seats capable of being lowered through the dense
jungle foliage) and pulled Adams to safety. As Adams arrived in the cabin of
the SH-3, ground fire erupted.
was on his first mission over North Vietnam.
“Is it always this rough?” he asked, not knowing that this was Adams’ second
shoot down in less than nine months.
Less than four
hours later, Adams was back aboard the
Oriskany. The rest of the strike landed much earlier and they all crowded
around him to welcome him home. Fellow squadron members, each carrying mock
missiles and guns lined up around him as he walked their gauntlet. “No one gets
shot down twice,” they hollered. As the war ground on, they would be proven
wrong on more than one occasion.
over the events, “The carrier isn’t much, but
it beats being paraded around Hanoi with a rope around your neck.”
The navy declared
that after ejecting twice, Adams could
not fly over North Vietnam anymore. He was transferred back to the U.S. where
he became a member of the navy’s aerial demonstration team, The Blue Angels.
LT (jg) Rick Adams story from the book "Leave No Man Behind" by George Galdorisi
and Thomas Phillips
Five days after that
"routine" unopposed rescue, on July 12, 1966, it was a little
different. A Crusader pilot from VF-162, Lt (jg) Rick "Bulb" Adams's
and his mates were taunting the MiG pilots at Kep airfield by taking turns
doing touch and gos on the airfield runway, trying to get the MIGs to take off
and fight. The MIGs did not take the challenge, but the indignant airfield
defenders bagged Adams, who was forced to eject right off the end of the runway
into dense, jungle-covered low hills. He was seventy miles inland, and about
thirty miles north-east of Hanoi itself. All available navy aircraft quickly
to the scene in a silent, mutual understanding that one with such chutzpah
The HS-6 Big Mother
orbiting North SAR, flown by Lt. Bill Waechter and Ltjg Bob Wildman, was
cleared to attempt a rescue: a bold decision so close to Hanoi and a major MIG base.
Picked up by four VA-152
A- ls, call sign Locket (My note: Locket
flight made up of the VA-152 CO CDR Gordon
Smith and his wingman CDR J. S. Smith along with LCDR Eric Shade and his wingman, my brother,
LT John “Jack” Feldhaus), the Big Mother coasted in northeast of Haiphong,
passing over the islands at 2,500 feet, high enough to avoid accurate small
arms, but they were immediately taken under heavy fire from a variety of
large-caliber AA guns. Ugly black clouds of 100mm flak quickly began to burst
at the helicopter's altitude and walk toward them, then
stopped getting closer, and then moved away. (A post-mission debrief credited
effective electronic warfare aircraft with confusing the radar-controlled guns.)
The fire followed
them inland, and Waechter gave ADJ2 Harley Olsen and AX3 Michael Brantley permission
to fire back at any enemy they could see. Both cheerfully began to return fire toward
every source of tracers they could see near their flight path. At one point,
Waechter zigged right toward an AA gun. Olsen, spotting the gun pit, dispersed
the gunners with a well-placed stream of fire, just as they inadvertently flew
over it, the big helicopter disappearing from the gunners' view before they
could re-man the gun.
Locket leader LTCDR Eric Shade broadcast, “They’re
the helo”. Great, thought Wildman.
Finally, the four Lockets escorting Big Mother led her to
the vicinity of the downed pilot, in the densely forested area. Not far away,
jets swirled around the airfield, attacking anything that moved and pulling
hostile fire from the low-level helicopter. Even though Wildman achieved voice
communications with the downed Adams, the Big Mother crew could not spot him,
and he could not see them.
sighted a parachute in the canopy tops down in a forested gorge, and from that
clue, they caught a glimpse of Adams through the trees. Having only one hundred
feet of cable on the Navy hoist, Waechter and Wildman had to make a
near-vertical descent into the close confines of the gorge to enable the hook
to reach the ground. With Brantley and Olsen clearing the tail rotor and rotor
blade tips from the surrounding treetops, Waechter eased carefully down into
heights cut off all wind, and the heat of the July day compounded the weight of
the armored helicopter to require more power than the engines could deliver.
When Waechter applied up-collective to increase rotor-blade pitch and arrest
the descent, the engines went to full power trying to keep the rotor rpm at the
desired 100 percent. Full power on both engines still could not do it, and the
rotor rpm began to droop as Waechter continued to raise
the collective lever
to keep altitude. He had no choice if he wanted to avoid settling disastrously into
the trees for lack of lift.
As the main rotors
slowed, the tail rotor likewise began to lose rpm, being mechanically connected
to the main rotors through the transmission. As the tail rotor rpm slowed,
there was no longer enough tail-rotor power to hold the helicopter's desired
head-ing. Slowly, the nose began to rotate to the right. Waechter had the left
tail rotor control pedal shoved all the way forward to stop the rightward
rotation of the nose, to no avail.
Olsen, noting the
right turn as he lowered the jungle penetrator through the trees to Adams, called
for the pilot to stop the turn. "Can't," came the terse reply.
Around they went,
slowly turning 180 degrees in about one minute. Olsen went back to
concentrating on getting Bulb Adams on the hoist and bringing him up without
getting entangled in the trees.
With Adams on the way
up, Waechter eased off his extreme left rudder and rocked slightly right,
dipping the nose ever so slightly. The combination of control inputs
accelerated the slow turn, which eased the power demand on the tail rotor, and
made an ever so slight amount of power from the tail rotor available for the
main rotors, allowing the helicopter to begin to climb. Gingerly lifting
vertically while spinning to the right, the Big Mother rose out of the
confines of the gorge, drooping rotor rpm to the lower limit of controllability
as they elevated. Once clear of the hole, they nosed over and picked up ground
speed as they turned, providing a bit more rpm for the main rotors.
Finally away from the
gorge, the rotor rpm rose back to normal as the speed increased. They had
pulled off the near-impossible pickup by unparalleled airmanship: the most
exquisite of subtle control movements. The navy men cleared the gorge and
headed for the safety of the sea. As they came out of the mountain area, the
enemy AAA picked up where it had left off and threw up repeated salvos all the way
back to the coast.
The Big Mother
accelerated beyond one hundred knots, impatient to escape with their prize, and
the airframe began to vibrate and shake like a hound dog passing a peach pit, a
side effect of the added armor location and weight known to the helicopter crewmen,
but not to Bulb Adams, Crusader pilot. Home the crusader came from the hill
sailors, home to the sea.
LT (jg) Rick Adams story from the 2011 HS-6
Reunion in Corpus Christi Texas
Following is a report from the 2011 Raunchy Redskin’s
reunion in Corpus
HS-6 Rescue Symposium - noted Combat SAR authority and author
Tom Phillips conducted a half-day seminar on CSAR operations during the Viet Nam war to provide our loved ones with a better
understanding of just what we did during those long deployments. He also moderated a discussion about the rescues of Rick
Adams and Tiff Hawks by HS-6 crews.
Bill Waechter was the pilot, who along with his crew, received
the radio message that Rick Adams plane had been shot down in enemy territory and needed rescuing…ASAP…if not
Rick Adams, listens as Bill Waechter relays his perspective of rescuing
Rick Adams stayed in the Navy and went on to become
a Blue Angel.
LT (jg) Rick Adams story In his own words
Awards resulting from the rescue of LTJG Rick Adams.
SYNOPSIS OF THE EVENTS PRECIPITATING THE FOLLOWING AWARDS
LT W. WAECHTER SILVER STAR MEDAL
LTJG R. A. WILWAN DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS
ADJ2 H. R. OLSEN AIR MEDAL
AXJ M. D. BRANTLY AIR MEDAL
The Helicopter and crew during a mission to attempt to locate and rescue a downed
pilot were vectored deeply into the enemy territory of North Vietnam.
The crew, subjected
to heavy and intense antiaircraft and automatic weapons fire while approaching enemy territory, skillfully employed evasive
measures and succeeded in flying inland over seventy miles of heavily defended territory to reach the rescue site in a mountainous
After the downed airman established communication with the rescue helicopter over
his survival radio and described his precarious position, the crew determined to effect a rescue, hovered over the gorge and
began the treacherous vertical descent to the position where the survivor was thought to be.
maneuvering the helicopter into a ragged hover by sacrificing directional control and varying the pitch in the rotor to maintain
speed and lift, the crew succeeded in rescuing the downed pilot after locating the airman under dense foliage and lowering
the rescue sling.
Reaching the safety of the open sea after running the gamut of a tremendous
barrage of antiaircraft fire, the crew displayed outstanding courage and airmanship throughout, thereby upholding the highest
traditions of the United States Naval Service.